HOW DO YOU FORMULATE A PICOT QUESTION ?

 PICOT Formulation

As a practice scholar, the interdisciplinary team you are leading develops the below two practice questions in PICOT format to drive practice change.

Practice Question 1: Does motivational interviewing during a regularly scheduled well-child visit for children between 5-19 years with a BMI of 30 and above as compared to practice as usual, influence BMI, BP, quality of life, and daily physical activity over 8-10 weeks?

  • Identify the PICOT elements.
  • What are key search terms identified in the practice question?

Conduct a library search using these search terms to locate a research study addressing this practice problem and consider the following.

  • What is the research-evidence based intervention addressed in the study?
  • What is the quantifiable outcome(s)? How will the outcome(s) be measured? What potential reliable and valid measurements/tools may be used to measure this quantifiable data?
  • Is this practice question answerable within 8-10 weeks? Why or why not?

Practice Question 2: In the adult critical care population, does a research-based skin care integrity bundle, compared to standard care, influence the incidence of hospital-acquired pressure injuries over an 8-10 week time period?

  • Identify the PICOT elements.
  • What are key search terms identified in the practice question?

Conduct a library search using these search terms to locate a research study addressing this practice problem and consider the following.

  • What is the research-evidence based intervention in the study?
  • What is the quantifiable outcome(s)? How will the outcome(s) be measured? What potential reliable and valid measurements/tools may be used to measure this quantifiable data?
  • Is this practice question answerable within 8-10 weeks? Why or why not?
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